|Science » Butterfly Vocabulary
Abdomen- long part of the body, behind the wings of a butterfly.
Adult- final stage of the butterfly with a head, a middle part called a
thorax and an abdomen.
Antennae- structures on an adult butterfly head used to feel and smell.
Camouflage- a successful strategy to avoid an early death by being able
to hide in their surroundings.
Caterpillar or larva- hatches from the egg of a butterfly.
Cocoons- the pupa stage of a moth; follows after the larval stage.
Egg- the starting stage of the butterfly; eggs are laid by the female.
Head- part of caterpillar or insect which contains eyes, antennae and
mouth parts, other sensory organs and feeding mechanism; spinnerets
used to spin silk, are tiny pegs located under the mouth.
Larva or caterpillar- hatches from the egg of a butterfly.
Lepidoptera- family of insects which contains butterflies and moths.
Meconium- a reddish fluid that butterflies and moths eject after they
leave the chyrsalis.
Metamorphosis- the way in which an egg changes to a larva, then to a
pupa and finally into an adult.
Molts- discards of the caterpillar exoskeleton.
Moths- not butterflies, but insects with a more plump and furry body
than those of butterflies.
Nectar- sweet juice taken from flowers and used as food by the adult
Proboscis- a tube used for drinking nectar; found on the head of the
Prolegs- Back legs of caterpillar with suction cups for gripping; not
visible on the adult.
Pupa- the developing butterfly within the chrysalis.
Setae- Bristles or hair on caterpillar for protection against changes in the
Spiracles- Breathing holes for respiration on insects and caterpillars.
Thorax- on the adult butterfly,located behind the head; the part of the
body where the wings join.
True legs- front legs of caterpillar; they are clasping and stay throughout
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